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Demonstrative Pronouns - Ism Isharah: Ba`eed (Dhalika/Tilka)

Refer to the correct noun in the correct context: That.

'That' is a pronoun written as ذَلِكَ "Dhalika" in Arabic and is used to indicate masculine nouns.

ذلِكَ حِصَانٌ
Dhalika Hisaanun
"That is a horse"

The second word is the noun (object) being referred to: حِصَانٌ means horse. We know this is a regular masculine noun because it is Marfoo`un = it has a Dhama-taan = a Tanween 'un'.

The feminine form تِلْكَ 'Tilka' is used for feminine nouns. Both 'Dhalika' and 'Tilka' are known as a demonstrative pronouns in both English and Arabic: Ism Isharah Ba`eed ( أَسْمَاءُ الإِشَارَةِ الْبَعِيدَةِ.), since they are used to refer to things further away, just like 'Hadha' (this) refers to things that are closer to us.

تِلْكَ مُدَرِّسَةٌ.
Tilka Mudarrisatun
"This is a female teacher"

Note: one sign of femininity in a noun and thus calling for the feminine 'that' is the noun which ends in a 'Taa marbuta' = ت

Read more about the Arabic demonstrative pronoun 'that' from Madina Arabic.

More like this:
- Demonstrative Pronouns: Ism Ishara Qareeb
- `Ilmy Notes of Surah Al-`Alaq
- Surah Fatiha Word Game

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