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Demonstrative Pronouns - Ism ul-Isharah: Qareeb

Tuesday, 7 January 2014

In the name of God, Compassionate, Merciful بسم الله الرحمن الرحيمِ | Peace be with you السلام عليكم

Refer to the correct noun in the correct context: This.

'This' is a pronoun known as هَـٰذَا "Hadha" in Arabic. It's pronounced هَاذَا but is written without the first Alif. Hadha is the masculine form.

هَـٰذَا بَيْتٌ.
Hadha Baitun
"This is a house"

The second word is the noun (object) being referred to: بَيْتٌ means house.

The feminine demonstrative pronoun for "This" is هَـٰذِهِ "Hadhi-hi".


هَـٰذِهِ طَبِيبَةٌ.
Hadhi-hi Tabeebatun
"This is a lady doctor"

In Arabic Language, words can be either masculine or feminine. This does not necessarily follow a set logic, e.g., whilst we know that the noun "girl" is feminine, the noun for "beard" is also feminine. A few examples of nouns and adjectives which do not have any of the symbols for the feminine nouns but are still considered to be feminine are illustrated below:

The Earth: ;الأَرْضُ Al-`Arđu
A pot: ;قِدْرٌ Quidrun
The hand: ;الْيَدُ Al-yadu

Read more about the Arabic demonstrative pronoun 'this' from Madina Arabic.
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