Why does Allah refer to Himself as "We" in the Qur'an?
- A pronoun; "We/Us/Our" in Arabic is written "ـنا" and read as 'naa'.
- It signifies a plural, but there is always One God. It is not a grammar mistake.
- One can say "we" are happy, or "you have pleased us".
- Similar to the Urdu word "hum" that can also be used for one person.
- It is the dignified speech of a King, just as any monarch refers to him/herself (the Royal We).
- He communicates to people with the highest authoritative position
- Allah's majesty and importance is shown. This is not polytheism.
- Allah is the ultimate power - He speaks to us in the most beautiful way.
Then why does Allah use the word "Me/I" too?
- When Allah gives a command, an order, a rule or a warning, He uses the mighty pronoun "We..." to show His powerful status.
- Example: Arsalnaaka = "We have sent you" (21:107). POWER
- But when Allah speaks directly to His creation and lets them know He is aware, He uses a personal "Me/I am" to signify His love and compassion for us.
- Example: Ad`oonee = "Call upon Me; I will respond to you" (40:60) LOVE